My mutt Ace knows the names for our two cats.
OK, I’m not sure if he recognizes the words “Beamer” and “Scout” as names to represent the cats or if he recognizes the words as commands to look at either cat, touch either cat with his nose or chase either cat. He seems to interpret their names as commands. “Scout” seems to mean “find Scout” or “look at Scout” or “touch Scout.”
It’s also hard to tell if Ace recognizes the correct name (or command) for each cat.
It seems like he is able to differentiate correctly about 75 percent of the time. This is most likely because he picks up on cues from me. Which cat am I looking at? Which cat is my body facing? And of course, which cat is closest to us?
I thought I’d make an attempt to actually teach my dog the names of our two cats.
How to teach a dog the names of your family members
I am focusing on teaching my dog the names of my cats. The same method could be used for teaching a dog the names of people (or other dogs).
The short version:
Start with one family member. Have your dog sitting close to you with the family member sitting or standing nearby. Say something like, “Where’s Scout?” If the dog even so much as glances at the correct person (or cat), mark the behavior with “Good!” and instantly give a treat. From there, slowly progress by rewarding the dog for holding his glance a bit longer. Don’t progress too quickly, and don’t teach additional names until the dog seems to know the first.
Choose a consistent command.
The commands I’m using are “Where’s Scout?” and “Where’s Beamer?” Eventually, I would like my dog to be able to seek out and “find” each cat.
Decide specifically what you want your dog to do.
What specific behavior do you want your dog to do? Look at the correct person? Touch the person with his nose? Gently put a paw on the person? Sit in front of the person? It’s up to you to teach your dog the behavior you want.
I’ve decided I want Ace to sit in front of the correct cat and look at the cat with no physical contact. This will take lots of practice and self-control for Ace because he loves to “nose bump” the cats. He’s gentle when he does this, but I’d rather train him out of it.
Break the behavior into simple steps.
I want to teach my dog to sit in front of the correct cat while looking at the cat, but I can’t expect him to do this right away. First, I have to reward him for even glancing at the cat. Next, I’ll reward him for holding that glance for a second or two. Then five seconds. Then maybe I’ll add the sit portion. With time, I hope to be able to add distance so Ace will walk across the room and sit in front of the cat. After that, I hope to train him to use his nose to actually seek out and find the cat from anywhere in the house.
Mark the correct action and reward!
I need to reward Ace the instant he looks at the correct cat. If he so much as glances at Scout I say “Good!” and give a treat. A clicker would work well for this. I’m just not much of a clicker trainer.
Practice many reps in short sessions.
Each dog is different, but you want your dog to enjoy the training. Usually it’s best to practice the command multiple times in a row but only for five minutes or so. Lots of short sessions are generally better than one longer session.
Teach one name at a time.
I can’t confuse Ace by working on more than one name at a time. For now, I am teaching him “Where’s Scout?” Once he has that down, I will work on “Where’s Beamer?” Then I will practice with both cats in the room, but I will only ask him about one of the cats per session.
You may need to lure your dog at first.
Your dog might not understand what you want him to do at first. This is why you should start with just one family member and have that person standing or sitting really close. It’s only a matter of time before the dog naturally glances at the correct person. That’s why you need to mark – “Good!” – and reward.
If your dog does not glance at the correct person even after a minutes or so, you can try pointing or luring him in the right direction. Just try to stop doing this as soon as you can because you don’t want your dog to learn to wait for the physical cue from you. When he looks at the person without a physical cue from you, make sure to go overboard with praise! “Wow, what a good boy!”
What about you? How have you taught your dog the names of different family members?
Don’t they just look thrilled? 🙂