Even with all the info out there on how to potty train a dog, it’s still one of the most common training problems.
“She just doesn’t get it!” people will say. “I take her outside, and she still pees in the house.”
Most of the books and blog posts on potty training will emphasize the importance of taking the dog outside and rewarding her for going potty. Another popular recommendation is to kennel train the dog.
This is excellent advice, but there is one factor I’d also like to stress: Preventing the dog from going potty in the house.
How to prevent a dog from going potty in the house
The key to preventing puppy accidents in the house is to restrict the dog’s freedom.
Whenever I have a new dog in my home, I assume the dog is not potty trained, no matter what I’m told. Just because a dog is potty trained in one house or at a shelter does not mean the dog will know what to do in my home.
I take new dogs or puppies outside as soon as we get to my house. If they don’t go potty, I take them out again 10 minutes later and continue doing so until the dog goes potty.
To reward the dog, I give her verbal praise as she is going potty, and a treat immediately afterwards while we are still standing outside. I wait until she’s done going potty before I give her the treat so she doesn’t try to grab the treat in the middle of peeing.
Indoors, here’s how I restrict a dog’s freedom
1. The dog remains on a leash in the house.
This keeps the dog near me and in my sight. Some “potty trained” dogs like to sneak off and go potty in back bedrooms or in the basement. Not gonna happen if he’s on a leash I’m holding, is it?
Keeping the dog in my sight also allows me to see if he is showing signs that he needs to go potty such as sniffing the ground, circling, pacing or whining.
Regardless, I still take the dog out every hour, especially if the dog is still a puppy. I make sure to take him out after:
- I return home
- the puppy takes a nap
- the puppy eats a meal
2. I keep the dog in the same room I’m in.
After a few days, I may remove the leash, but I won’t allow the dog access to the whole house, even when I’m home. She will always be in the same room as me, which means I need to close doors or put up baby gates to keep her in.
3. I keep bedroom doors closed.
After a few more days (weeks in some cases), I might allow the dog freedom in the main area of the house while I’m home. I’ll still block off bedrooms, bathrooms and other rooms with closed doors or baby gates.
4. I crate (kennel) the dog when I’m not home.
I use a crate for the dog when I’m unable to supervise. Most dogs won’t want to pee in a small area, especially if it’s where they sleep. You want to use a crate that is big enough for the dog to stand and turn around in, but not so big where she could use one side as a “toilet.”
If you refuse to use a crate, or if your dog seems to freak out in a crate, try leaving the dog in a small area of the house like a bathroom. You could also use an “exercise pen” to block off a certain area if you have a small dog or a puppy.
5. Slowly give the dog more freedom.
Once you want to try leaving the dog loose in the house while you’re gone, start with just 10 minutes. Then 20. Then an hour. Don’t just attempt to leave him for half of the day or a full day.
If he’s successful with an hour or two, that doesn’t mean he should suddenly have full freedom. Use the freedom as a privilege a couple times per week until you’re sure he’s ready for freedom all the time.
[quote_center]”Use the freedom as a privilege a couple times per week.”[/quote_center]
For example, I started leaving my dog Ace loose in the house for half the day, but only once or twice a week. The other days, he still stayed in his kennel when home alone.
As long as he was successful, I slowly kept leaving him out for more half-days and eventually a few full days. Once he was about 2 years old, he could be trusted to be left loose all the time, but every dog will be different.
So there you have it. If you know someone who is having trouble potty training his puppy, please pass this post on to him. I believe people underestimate the power of prevention.
Reducing a dog’s freedom temporarily goes a long way.
What would you say is the most common potty training mistake?
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