I'm planning on writing a post about each of my dog Remy's training issues.
You can see the full list HERE. I'll add links as I write the posts. (And I'm sure I'll add to the list, too!)
Which bring's me to today's focus: Coming when called. Also called “the recall” in the dog training world.
In Remy's defense, Josh and I have not put in much effort on teaching him to come when called so he's not all that great at it.
I know it's best not to call your dog unless you're 100% sure you can enforce it. So, I've been letting Remy off leash and then I wait for him to come to me on his own or I just go get him! Not exactly ideal.
So anyway, it's time we focus on this very important command. How are the rest of you doing with this one? Any struggles or suggestions to share with the rest of us?
How to teach your dog to come when called
I follow these strict rules:
- Only say the command once. And I do use my dog's name. So it's, “Remy! Come!”
- Do not call your dog unless you are 99% sure he will obey or that you can reinforce it instantly by “reeling him in.”
- “Come!” means “Come to me and sit in front of me.” (It doesn't mean “crash into me” or “nip at me as you run by” or “dance around me just out of reach!”)
How to teach your dog to come
1. Set your dog (and you) up for success.
Start with the easy stuff.
I call Remy indoors in boring situations where I'm the most exciting thing so of course he's going to come when I call him. For example, if we're sitting in my home office and I call him, he listens. There's nothing else going on. Good boy!
Another “easy” scenario you can set up at home is to toss a treat, let your dog go get it and then call him and give another treat.
If your dog loves walks, call him before his walk. Loves to eat? Call him before you feed him.
And if he doesn't get too excited and start biting and jumping (like Remy does) you can make a game of calling your dog back and forth between you and a family member down the hall.
See my post: 10 ways to get your dog to come when called
2. Use a leash and treats and increase the challenge very slightly.
When you have a leash on your dog, you know you can reinforce it when you all him. So call him once and then “reel him in” if he doesn't come on his own. Then lots of praise!
If your dog is on a leash, you can start practicing “come!” with some mild distractions like outside on a walk or perhaps in your backyard.
Tip: Use highly valued treats when working on the recall. If your dog gets a real meatball every time you call him, don't you think he's going to have a pretty good recall? I normally don't use a lot of treats with Remy because he gets too excited, but I use them for coming when called.
Another tip: I don't tell my dog to “stay” and then call him because it encourages him to break from stay. Remy is still young and needs to work on a solid STAY command. If you want to leave your dog and then call him, I recommend you use a “wait” command. This is great for sports like agility too.
3. Buy a long leash about 25 feet long.
I just bought a 30-foot lead for Remy. I went with the Mendota brand, and I highly recommend it. I plan to use this for calling Remy outside in random areas so we can work on a little distance but I'll still be able to somewhat prevent him from running off.
Make sure to wear gloves so you don't burn your hands. Even better, just step on the leash vs. grabbing it. Also, it's best to remove prong collars for this exercise in case your dog hits the end of the leash hard.
Over the weekend Josh and I took Remy to a park and practiced calling him back and forth between us while he wore the long lead. Remy had a blast! He thought this was a fun game, we were the ultimate rewards and he got some good exercise too!
Tip: Don't do this for too long or the dog might get bored or distracted. We probably practiced this for about 4 minutes. We stopped while we were all still having fun. Good choice.
Another tip: A retractable leash can work pretty well for this too if you have a mellow dog, a puppy or a small dog. It would be dangerous to use one for my powerful weimaraner, though. That would be like reeling in a tiger with a yo-yo. Someone would get hurt.
4. Practice! Practice! Practice!
The key is setting your dog up for success by not making the distractions too difficult at first.
The mistake many of us make is we expect too much too quickly. Instead, we should v-e-r-y s-l-o-w-l-y over several weeks, months and years increase the level of difficulty only as our dogs are successful. So that means lots of practice in “easy” scenarios first. Every day.
For example, with Remy, I can call him indoors and he'll pretty much always listen. Outside at the fenced dog park he'll come when called if there are no other dog around and if I'm holding treats. If he's on a leash outside, he'll pretty much always come when called.
But, it's too challenging for Remy right now to come when called off leash in most scenarios unless the distractions are very mild (no other dogs around, we're in a fairly ordinary place, etc.) or if I'm holding a high-value reward such as hot dogs or a squeaky toy!
It's about knowing your dog and challenging them ever so slightly but also making sure you're both successful.
See my post: 5 mistakes people make when calling their dogs
Other tips for teaching your dog to come when called:
- Don't call your dog for “bad” things like putting him in his kennel, trimming his nails or leaving the dog park. Instead, just go get him or wait for him to come to you.
- Sometimes the best reward is more freedom, not praise or a treat. Call him, then let him go back to playing or sniffing.
- Make a game of it – Hide in another room or run from your dog so you are the prize.
- Practice for 5 minutes at least a few times per week. No need to work longer than that or the dog gets bored.
- Sign up for an obedience class, either a beginning level if that's where you're at or a more advanced class.
What about really ‘stubborn' dogs?
I don't know that there are “stubborn” dogs but maybe just dogs that are very driven to follow their nose or to hunt. And then there's dogs that just love other dogs so much! And another problem is when dogs don't get a lot of off-leash freedom they don't want to return because the fun ends!
For problems like not coming when called around distractions like other dogs, squirrels, a dead bird, etc., what it comes down to is a solid foundation. Start from the beginning and if he comes 99% of the time without distractions, start adding mild distractions. Work up to slightly higher distractions, then medium, etc. And really up the reward any time you increase the challenge. Use hot dogs, pieces of real meat, that squeaky toy that makes him nuts, whatever it might be!
Heck, sometimes, it's worth it to let him have that freaking dead bird or to go back to chasing that rabbit or whatever it might be if he actually came to you! Sometimes it's worth it! (Yes, I know there are risks. You pick your battles.)
What about an e-collar?
I personally have not used an e-collar with a remote for teaching a dog to come when called, but I do have one we might decide to use for Remy. (I'm not sure yet.) We are going to be doing some hunting with him and his recall needs to be rock solid.
Do not think of a shock or e-collar as a punishment but more of a quick “tap, tap” like “Hey! I'm over here! Remember me?” You also have to remember to work within your dog's abilities. Just because he has an e-collar on, you still have to remember he can only handle certain distractions. Don't challenge him too much. It's not fair.
So what I would do with the e-collar is call your dog once. “Remy, come!” If he comes, great! Lots of praise. “Wooo!” If not, give one “tap, tap” with the vibration mode or low correction mode to get his attention. Then lots of praise when he moves towards you. It's probably best to have him on a long leash (25 ft) when you first practice this. The e-collar is actually a lot like a firm but gentle tug on the leash to get his attention.
Tip: Have your dog wear the e-collar for part of the day a week before you even turn the thing on. That way he's used to wearing it and won't associate a vibration or correction from the collar. Also, try the collar on your own skin before you put it on your dog so you understand the level of intensity. I always try it on the underside of my wrist.
So those are my suggestions for teaching your dog to come when called.
What tips would you add to this list. What's worked for your dog? Or do you have any questions?
Let us know in the comments! Always helpful to hear from others as we could all use some feedback at times. Clearly Remy and I could use some help too!