The United States currently kills about 3 million healthy dogs and cats in U.S. shelters annually. That’s the general agreed-upon number from the Humane Society of the United States and other groups.
We can definitely find homes for an extra 3 million animals each year if we work together. Sure, some areas are slower to catch on and some face difficult challenges, but we’ll all get there eventually.
There are currently 144 documented no-kill communities in the United States, according to Out the Front Door, a web site that tracks and verifies this info.
To be considered “no kill,” the community must have a live release rate of 90 percent or more for impounded dogs and cats. This leaves a reasonable leeway for animals that are truly suffering and should be euthanized and for a few dogs that are truly dangerous and should be killed for safety reasons.
I reached out to shelter workers from these documented no-kill communities and asked them about some of the basic ideas they follow to save more lives.
Here’s what they had to say:
How no-kill shelters are saving more pets
*The dog pictured above, Kali, is up for adoption with the Nevada Humane Society
Nevada Humane Society
The Nevada Humane Society is an open-admission, no-kill shelter located in Reno. It takes in owner surrendered animals as well as strays, according to its web site.
In 2013, NHS took in 15,350 animals and had a live release rate of 90 percent, according to Out the Front Door.
I spoke by email with Kimberly Chandler Wade, senior manager of communications and events for the shelter. She shared all sorts of ideas the NHS uses, and much of it came down to getting more people to the shelter by offering adoption specials.
NHS increases its adoptions by getting creative and offering adoption promotions, Wade said.
The shelter often bases these promotions off current trends. For example, it recently created “pet shaming” adoption ads featuring various animals.
As another example, the shelter featured an “Orange is the New Bark” adoption special this month after the series “Orange is the New Black” (one of my favorites!). People could adopt a dog wearing an orange bandana for just $25, and all black cats and kittens were just $10.
“The goal is to get people into the shelter and thinking of us when they consider bringing a pet into their family,” Wade said. “The adoption campaigns are key to that.”
The shelter is also able to do more adoptions because it remains open on weekends and in the evenings and even on some holidays.
The Kansas City Pet Project
The Kansas City Pet Project is a non-profit organization that began running the Kansas City (Mo.) Animal Shelter in January 2012. KC Pet Project is open admission and no kill, according to its web site.
The organization took in 8,179 dogs and cats in 2013, according to Out the Front Door. It had a live release rate of 92% (or 88% when factoring in owner-requested euthanasia).
Before KC Pet Project took over the shelter, the shelter had a live release rate between 31 and 61 percent over the previous 5 years, according to its web site.
I spoke with Tori Fugate, the manager of marketing and development for KC Pet Project, over the phone. She shared some of the programs that work really well in Kansas City.
One of the reasons the KCPP is able to save more animals is because it offers “open adoptions,” Fugate said. Instead of looking for reasons to turn adopters away, the shelter has conversations with adopters to match them up with the right pets.
She said the shelter does not ask closed-ended questions with “right” or “wrong” answers. It does not ask for any references. It does not require a fenced yard for dogs, and it does not require adopters to pass a “home check.”
Personally, I’m starting to see a trend! Thankfully, more and more shelters are dropping invasive adoption requirements. I can’t wait for more and shelters to catch on!
Playgroups for dogs
Another great program through KC Pet Project is that it offers playgroups for the dogs every single day, Fugate said. This is one way to relieve stress for the dogs while offering them a way to play, exercise and socialize.
It also helps the staff and volunteers get to know each dog’s personality and playing style, which helps them match the dogs with the most appropriate adopters, Fugate said.
Check out this great video from KCPP to get a better idea at the amazing work it is doing.
Other ways the NHS and KC Pet Project are saving lives:
- Barn cat adoption programs in place for feral cats
- Recruiting additional foster homes whenever possible
- Significant adoption discounts. For example, when KC Pet Project took over the shelter in January 2012, it offered adoptions for just $20.12.
Other examples of U.S. no-kill communities
No-kill communities exist in all areas of the country. They exist in rural and urban areas and are not limited to areas that have “more money.”
As you can see from the KC Pet Project video, it’s about removing killing as an option and getting creative, because people really are very resourceful!
You have to be “really brave,” Fugate said. You must “have a passion to save as many lives as you can.”
Here are just a few examples of additional no-kill communities in the United States from the growing list of 144 existing communities so far:
- Duluth, Minn.
- McIntosh County, Ga.
- Kalispell, Mont.
- Ithaca, N.Y.
- Lynchburg, Va.
- Travis County, Texas
To see the full list, visit Out the Front Door.
What are some programs that are working really well in your community?
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